（湘潭大学 哲学与历史文化学院，湖南 湘潭 411105）
"Only seeking to be suitable for the actual situation": Research on the cabinet legal system in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China
(Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, Hunan 411105)
Abstract: The reform of the official system in the late Qing Dynasty not only used the Japanese co nstitutional monarchy as a template, but also contained the "constitutionalization of the constitutionalization" headed by the Qing court and temporarily defeated the "constitutionalization of China" headed by the constitutionalists. As a statutory body specializing in the formulation of constitutional provisions, laws and regulations in the preparation for constitutional reform in the late Qing Dynasty, the cabinet legal system was deferred in preparation for the constitutional years, and various preparatory constitutional procedures and articles were urgently needed to be accelerated. In order to continue to be consistent with the Japanese constitutional system, the Qing court combines the political system of ancient and modern China and foreign countries and constantly modernizes the legal system. Although there are major problems in its setup and its operation, it is not only in the selection of candidates, but also in the short-term operation period, and it has been effective for China’s further legalization. The cultivation of legal and political talents has laid a certain foundation and has been inherited and developed by the Republic of China. It is not the same as the so-called constitutional investigation hall.
Keywords: Qing Dynasty; early Republic of China; responsible cabinet; legal system;