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醉驾犯罪司法争议问题新论
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                                                       醉驾犯罪司法争议问题新论     

                                                           ——浙江最新醉驾司法文件六大变化述评

                                                                    王志祥      

                                                    (北京师范大学  刑事法律科学研究院,北京 100875)

 摘 要:与原有的司法文件相比,浙江最新醉驾司法文件发生了六大变化。其中,绝对出罪的规定拓宽了醉驾案件的实体出罪通道,但也存在违背上位解释和上位法的问题。对醉驾案件的犯罪嫌疑人一律予以刑事拘留,有利于强化醉驾入刑的刑法威慑效应。将“证明车辆行驶轨迹的相关材料”纳入诉讼证据的范围,具有对醉驾者个体的酒精反应程度加以考量的意蕴。对醉酒驾驶汽车案件的被告人缓刑的适用取消酒精含量的限制,体现了扩大缓刑适用的倾向,符合对微罪案件进行宽缓化处理的刑事政策要求。对醉酒驾驶汽车情形下不起诉或者免予刑事处罚的酒精含量限制提升30mg/100ml,拓宽了醉驾案件的无罪处理通道,强化了对醉驾案件进行有罪处理前提下的轻缓化处理,符合对微罪案件进行宽缓化处理的刑事政策要求。对于醉驾案件增加“不移送审查起诉”的规定,有利于节约宝贵的司法资源。浙江最新醉驾司法文件的六大变化大体上是值得肯定的。

 关键词:醉驾;司法文件;出罪;宽缓化

 中图分类号   文献标识码   文章编号

On the Problems concerning Judicial Disputes in Drunk Driving Crimes——Six Exchanges of the Latest Judicial Documents concerning Drunk Driving of Zhejiang

                  WANG Zhi-xiang

( College of Criminal Law Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875 China)

Abstract: Compared with the original judicial document, the latest judicial document on drunk driving of Zhejiang have undergone six major changes. Among them, the provisions of absolute decriminalization broaden the channel of substantive decriminalization in drunk driving cases, but the problems of violating the provisions in the upper judicial interpretation and upper law still exist. The criminal detention of all criminal suspects in drunk driving cases is conducive to strengthening the deterrent effect of criminal law resulting from putting drunk driving into the criminal. To include "relevant materials to prove the driving track of vehicles" in the scope of litigation evidences has the meaning of considering the degree of alcohol reaction of drunk drivers. The elimination of the restriction on alcohol content in the application of a suspension of sentence to the defendants in cases of driving cars while intoxicated reflects the tendency to expand the application of a suspension of sentence, and meets the requirements of criminal policy of lenient treatment of petty misdemeanor cases. The increase of alcohol content limit applied to a decision not to initiate a prosecution or a judgment of exemption from criminal punishment by 30mg / 100mL in the cases of driving cars while intoxicated widens the channel of decriminalization of drunk driving cases, strengthens the lenient treatment under the premise of guilty treatment of drunk driving cases, and meets the requirements of criminal policy of lenient treatment of petty misdemeanor cases. It is beneficial to saving valuable judicial resources to add the provision of "no transfer of examination for prosecution" in drunk driving cases. The six major changes of the latest judicial documents on drunk driving of Zhejiang are generally worthy of affirmation.

Key words:drunk driving; judicial documents; decriminalization; leniency


 

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